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Catanduanes Government

Municipality of Baras

Baras Official Seal

  •  Founded: ‎May 11, 1897
  •  Population: 11,653
  •  District: Lone district
  • Municipality Class: 5th
  •   Zip Code: 4803
  •  Barangay: 29
  •  Area: 10, 950 hectares
  •   13° 41' N 124° 21'E

Map of Baras

BACKGROUND

The village town then was luxuriant and verdant with “badas” plants. As to what kind of vegetation “badas” was, is a subject of conjuncture, for some believed that it was a kind of bamboo now called “bagacay”. But one common belief is the fact that the Moro raiders and pirates agreed that “badas” was much in demand as materials for building the native huts. Because of its abundance in the area, the town had been called Baras.

 

HISTORY

Once called “Badas” during the early Spanish colonization it has now metamorphosed into what are now Baras. The village town then was luxuriant and verdant with “badas” plants. As to what kind of vegetation “badas” was, is a subject of conjuncture, for some believed that it was a kind of bamboo now called “bagacay”. Others believed it to be kind of sturdy tree, but majority believed that it is a wild rattan plant abounding the surrounding mountains.

But one common belief is the fact that the Moro raiders agreed that “badas” was in demand as materials for building the native huts, for making spears, a weapon used by the native to repel the raiders and pirates. Because of its abundance in the area, villagers called the place “Cabadasan”, meaning a place where “Badas” thrive. The colonizers however, Hispanized it and so the town was called “BARAS” up to this time.

Some elders recall that Baras, centuries back was once s progressive fishing village located over a small mountain projecting towards the sea on the western side of Baras Bay. The poblacion was its cemetery and the cemetery now was its former poblacion site. The old site was chosen because it was an elevated area overlooking the sea. The villagers could easily see approaching pirates that occasionally plundered the sea, giving them ample time to evacuate their families and prepare for the encounter. Excavation in the Church Plaza reveals human remains of evaders. The pirates gone, the villagers later settled in what are now Baras.
A splintered group of insurrectos who was facing the advantage of the insurrection taking place in the Southern Tagalog region, braved the rough seas to set a place in the long quest for Philippine Independence in the Island, forced by the gusty Southeast Monsoon wind they finally set anchor in the once rich fishing village called “Cabadasan” posing as fisherman.

By befriending the villagers and at the same time working on the growing discontent among the people against the tyrannical rule of Capitan CARLOS MACAPUGAY who was then the town executive, the rebel grouped the men folk of the village to form a fierce fighting bond. Out of this uprising led by Catalino Catakutan, the umbilical cord through which Cabadasan ruled was detached and the town of Baras was born. Capitan Catakutan, with the burning desire for independence, did not live long to set office in the entire province.

The Spaniards caught up with him while attending a wedding feast. Tortured and chained by the neck, he was paraded around the poblacion of Bato to serve as warning to the people. He was hanged near the church of Bato. Baras’ original barrios were Tilod, Macutal, Paniquihan and Gigmoto.
The early year of Baras as a town was a period of difficult adjustment. In 1905, construction of a semi-permanent Municipal Building called “TRIBUNAL” was started. In 1907 due to financial difficulties the town was reverted to a barrio status. Baras existed as a barrio up to the last days of 1909. Before the end of the year 1909, Civic religious and business leaders of the community demanded from the ruling governing power that Baras be recreated into a municipality. In 1910, Baras, became a town for the second time.

From then Baras move on experiencing the test of time as a municipality. In 1927 Camu Street was constructed connecting it to San Lorenzo Street. In 1929 the present light house in barrio Putsan was constructed. In May 1933, the Bato-Baras road was opened to traffic. In 1935 the gold boom reached Baras, an American firm dug sitio Banog in Agban and started what it seemed a flourishing firm, the Agban gold mines.

Baras is located on the southeast of the province. On the north it is bounded by the town of Gigmoto, on the west by San Miguel and on the east it is bounded by the Pacific Ocean. Baras is bestowed with about seven rivers/creeks of which drain their way to the sea facing the Pacific Ocean. Spring is abundantly found all over the municipality. With its unexploited environment, unspoiled beaches and simple and affordable resort facilities, Baras is gearing towards the major tourist destination of the province.

Abaca production is the major source of income followed by copra and field crops (cassava, camote or sweet potato and other vegetables). Rice production in the municipality is not enough for local consumption due to limited arable land considering the terrain of the place. However some barangays (villages or barrios) are continuously opening new rice fields in the form of rice terraces that could be irrigated by springs in the hillside. Fishing is prosperous only in some barangays and the catch is only enough for the community consumption. Fishing is limited due to the strong pacific waves that confronts majority of the shorelines.

The town is peaceful, the crime rate is very low, hospitality is prevalent and expenses are low. Being a predominantly Roman Catholic municipality, the culture of the people is traditional with close knitted social and family structures.

 

LAND AREA

The municipality of Baras comprises twenty nine (29) barangays with six (6) urban barangays and twenty thee (23) rural barangays for a total land area of 76.400 square kilometers. Urban barangays have a total land area of only 1.0200 square kilometers or 1.332% made up of Barangays Bagong Sirang, Buenavista, Eastern Poblacion, San Lorenzo, Quezon and Western Poblacion. On the other hand, rural barangays comprise the remaining 75.3800 square kilometers or 96.668% made up of Barangays Abihao, Agban, Batolinao, Benticayan, Caragumihan, Danao, Genitligan, Guisaanan, J.M. Alberto, Macutal, Moning, Nagbarorong, Osmena, Paniquihan, P. Teston, Putsan, Sagrada, Rizal, Puraran, San Miguel, Salvacion, Sta. Maria and Tilod.

Barangays with smaller land area are Barangays Bagong Sirang, Buenavista, Eastern Poblacion, San Lorenzo, Quezon, Western Poblacion and Sta. Maria. On the contrary, barangays with the largest land areas are Agban, Benticayan, Genitligan, J.M. Alberto, San Miguel and Tilod.

 

LAND CLASSIFICATION 

Based on the land classification, the Municipality of Baras is divided into Alienable and Disposable lands and Forest lands. Alienable and Disposable Lands occupy land area of about 57.600 square kilometers or 75.390%. On the other hand Forest Lands occupy only about 18.800 square kilometers or 24.610%

 

SOIL CLASSIFICATION

The municipality of Baras possesses varying soil types particularly Bantog Clay, Mountain soil, Atimodian Clay, and Luciana Clay. Most dominant soil types are Luciana Clay occupying about 56.1700 square kilometers or 73.590% and mountain soil occupying about 17.2800 square kilometers or 22.620%. The least soil types are Bantog Clay with land area of only about 2.1900 square kilometers or 2.860% and Atimodian Clay with land area of only about 0.7600 square kilometers or 0.930%.

Puraran Beach

Baras, Catanduanes

Clean and white, Puraran is invigorating to those who want to bask in the glory of sea, sand, and sky. This is the most famous beach in Catanduanes and listed as one of the top surfing locations in the world. Like most beaches in the province, it hasn’t been developed so it’s basically small makeshift huts, sand and amazing waves. The surfing area also boasts of a magnificent view of mountains and coves. Photo enthusiasts could get a perfect view of the sunrise in this area. For holiday seekers, this is a place for total relaxation, communing with nature, and simply, rejuvenation and serenity.

Puraran Beach

Baras, Catanduanes

Clean and white, Puraran is invigorating to those who want to bask in the glory of sea, sand, and sky. This is the most famous beach in Catanduanes and listed as one of the top surfing locations in the world. Like most beaches in the province, it hasn’t been developed so it’s basically small makeshift huts, sand and amazing waves. The surfing area also boasts of a magnificent view of mountains and coves. Photo enthusiasts could get a perfect view of the sunrise in this area. For holiday seekers, this is a place for total relaxation, communing with nature, and simply, rejuvenation and serenity.

Binurong Point

Baras, Catanduanes

Binurong is also a Bicol word meaning “Healed”
Binurong Point is one of the newest attractions the island of Catanduanes can offer. Binurong Point is located in Brgy. Guinsaanan, Baras, Catanduanes. A Batanes/ Ireland hills and cliffs look and feel. Trekking to Binurong Point is easy unlike going to Bote Light House in Bato. To better experience it, the best time to go to Binurong Point is at dawn so you can see the sun rising up while it shines to the grass and sea around the area.

Binurong Point

Baras, Catanduanes

Binurong is also a Bicol word meaning “Healed”
Binurong Point is one of the newest attractions the island of Catanduanes can offer. Binurong Point is located in Brgy. Guinsaanan, Baras, Catanduanes. A Batanes/ Ireland hills and cliffs look and feel. Trekking to Binurong Point is easy unlike going to Bote Light House in Bato. To better experience it, the best time to go to Binurong Point is at dawn so you can see the sun rising up while it shines to the grass and sea around the area.

Balacay Point

Baras, Catanduanes

Balacay Point is one of the tourist spots that are frequently visited by tourists and travelers in Catanduanes.
Balacay Point also known as Benticayan point is located in Brgy. Benticayan in the town of Baras. These places for a pictorial so don’t forget to bring your camera to take shots here. The perfect time to visit Balacay Point is at sunrise or sunset. Has become one of the “hottest” places to visit in Catanduanes which is just an hour and a half drive away from Virac. Reaching the top of the hills has become easier nowadays too. Motorbikes, 4 wheels and even bicycles can easily reach the peak. If you prefer to trek, it will take you 10-15 minutes to reach the top and start enjoying the vastness of the mighty Pacific Ocean and breath in it’s cool, fresh and salty air.

Balacay Point

Baras, Catanduanes

Balacay Point is one of the tourist spots that are frequently visited by tourists and travelers in Catanduanes.
Balacay Point also known as Benticayan point is located in Brgy. Benticayan in the town of Baras. These places for a pictorial so don’t forget to bring your camera to take shots here. The perfect time to visit Balacay Point is at sunrise or sunset. Has become one of the “hottest” places to visit in Catanduanes which is just an hour and a half drive away from Virac. Reaching the top of the hills has become easier nowadays too. Motorbikes, 4 wheels and even bicycles can easily reach the peak. If you prefer to trek, it will take you 10-15 minutes to reach the top and start enjoying the vastness of the mighty Pacific Ocean and breath in it’s cool, fresh and salty air.

Our Lady of Peñafrancia Grotto

Baras, Catanduanes

The Grotto of Our Lady of Peñafrancia at a vantage point of the Putsan-Danao boundary was constructed. The grotto has now become a place for prayers, serving as a pilgrimage site for local devotees of the “Ina” who are unable to visit the Peñafrancia shrine in Naga City.

Our Lady of Peñafrancia Grotto

Baras, Catanduanes

The Grotto of Our Lady of Peñafrancia at a vantage point of the Putsan-Danao boundary was constructed. The grotto has now become a place for prayers, serving as a pilgrimage site for local devotees of the “Ina” who are unable to visit the Peñafrancia shrine in Naga City.

  • •  Abihao
  • •  Agban
  • •  Bagong Sirang
  • •  Benticayan
  • •  Buenavista
  • •  Caragumihan
  • •  Batolinao
  • •  Danao
  • •  Sagrada
  • •  Ginitligan
  • •  Guinsaanan
  • •  J.M. Alberto
  • •  Macutal
  • •  Moning
  • •  Nagbarorong
  • •  Osmeña
  • •  P. Teston
  • •  Paniquihan
  • •  Eastern Poblacion
  • •  Puraran
  • •  Putsan
  • •  Quezon
  • •  Rizal
  • •  Salvacion
  • •  San Lorenzo
  • •  San Miguel
  • •  Santa Maria
  • •  Tilod
  • •  Western Poblacion

Hon. Paolo Teves
Mayor

Hon. Rico Tating
Vice-Mayor

Councilors

Kubal Guerrero

Bonggoy Tayoto

Emerson Oliman

Ml Thotz Balunsay

Salve Bataanon

Juan Timuat Jr.

Edna Tomagan

Fidelito Soledad

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